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压裂造成的噪音污染可能会危害人体健康

发布日期:2017-05-17 来源:linda 浏览次数:
导读:根据首次同行评议研究来分析与压裂相关的环境噪声的潜在公共健康影响,结果显示:压裂产生的噪音水平足够高会伤害附近居民的健康。

 

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鼎恒石油报道 根据首次同行评议研究来分析与压裂相关的环境噪声的潜在公共健康影响,结果显示:压裂产生的噪音水平足够高会伤害附近居民的健康。

环境噪声是公认的公共健康危害。许多大型的流行病学研究都将噪音与不良健康状况(包括糖尿病,抑郁症,出生并发症和儿童认知障碍)联系起来。像其他健康威胁一样,噪音暴露可能会对儿童,老人和慢性病患者造成不利影响。高分贝的声音不是唯一的罪魁祸首;低水平的持续性噪音也可能会扰乱睡眠和思维,并引起压力。

Lawrence Berkeley国家实验室附属机构--环境科学,政策与管理部门的访问学者和PSE健康能源执行董事Seth Shonkoff表示:“石油和天然气作业产生了一种复杂的噪音交响乐,包括间歇和连续的声音以及不同的强度。”例如,压缩机站会产生低隆隆声;一个水平钻井是一个喧吵的过程,可能持续每天24小时,需要四到五个星期完成;在高压下使用大量的水导致抽水和流体处理的噪声。

该研究已于12月发表在《整体环境科学》杂志上。

为了了解压裂噪声是否会影响周边社区居民的健康,研究人员收集了所有可用的石油和天然气作业噪声水平数据和测量结果,并将信息与世界卫生组织和其他组织制定的健康标准进行了比较。他们发现,压裂过程中的噪音可能会导致三种类型的不良健康结果,包括焦虑,睡眠障碍,以及心血管疾病或其他受压力影响的负面病症。

注:该文章由鼎恒石油编译,转发须注明出处。


附英文原文:

Noise pollution from fracking may harm human health

Fracking creates noise at levels high enough to harm the health of people living nearby, according to the first peer-reviewed study to analyze the potential public health impacts of ambient noise related to fracking.

Environmental noise is a well-documented public health hazard。 Many large-scale epidemiological studies have linked noise to adverse health outcomes including diabetes, depression, birth complications and cognitive impairment in children。 Noise exposure, like other health threats, may disproportionately impact vulnerable populations such as children, the elderly and people with chronic illnesses。 High-decibel sounds are not the only culprits; low-level sustained noises can disturb sleep and concentration and cause stress。

"Oil and gas operations produce a complex symphony of noise types, including intermittent and continuous sounds and varying intensities," said study author Seth Shonkoff, a visiting scholar in the Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, an affiliate at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and executive director of PSE Healthy Energy. For example, compressor stations produce a low rumble; drilling a horizontal well is a loud process that can take four to five weeks 24 hours per day to complete; and using large volumes of water at high pressure results in pump- and fluid-handling noise.

The study was published in December in the journal Science of the Total Environment.

 

To understand whether noise from fracking might impact the health of surrounding communities, researchers gathered all available data and measurements of noise levels at oil and gas operations and compared the information to established health-based standards from the World Health Organization and other groups。 They found that noise from fracking operations may contribute to adverse health outcomes in three categories, including anxiety, sleep disturbance and cardiovascular disease or other conditions that are negatively impacted by stress。

 

 

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